What if people never went to the moon?

At the end of July this year, the world community, indifferent to the topic of space research, celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of man’s landing on the moon. But is it important to the space sector and just ordinary people have flights to the moon, which were held in the late 60’s and early 70-ies? Let us think about what would have happened if we were in an alternate reality where man never visited the moon. What’s the difference?

The rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union gave the two countries an opportunity to demonstrate their superiority not just in military sphere but also in scientific and technical. The US government under no circumstances wanted to lose the Advice in the question of the conquest of space. But how was it possible to overtake the country that launched the first space satellite, and then man, and then first gently put on the surface of the moon a spacecraft? The USSR surpassed the USA in the development of space sphere throughout. The response of the Communists was to be unequivocal, showing the absolute superiority of America in space.

The contents

Why the United States could abandon the lunar program

Active training of Americans to fly to the moon began with the famous speech of U.S. President John F. Kennedy delivered to the American people September 12, 1962. To Kennedy the country was governed by President Dwight Eisenhower, who left office in January of the same year. Initially, Eisenhower strongly supported founded in 1958, the space Agency NASA. However, already in 60-ies he complained that NASA spends huge amounts of money “wasted”. The cold war with the Soviet Union was in full swing. In place of Kennedy, Eisenhower probably would not have supported the launch and development of the program of manned flights to the satellite of the Earth. He believed that money is better spent on developing new weapons.

The training program for flight to the moon could cancel after it began

Such a possibility is also there. Public opinion polls in the United States in the early 60-ies showed that the American public saw a leader in the space race the Soviet Union. American astronauts were making the first flights into orbit in the year 65. And the people’s opinion began to change. But by this time the country was ruled Lyndon Johnson, who took the post of head of States after the tragic death of Kennedy.

First flight of the Americans into space. Astronauts white and Mcdivitt inside the spacecraft Gemini 4

The development of the program “Apollo” has taken away a huge pile of money from the budget of the country. For example, the cost of the mission “Apollo-11”, sent to the moon in 1969 amounted to about $ 400 million. And the total cost of the Apollo program, conducted from 1969 to 1972 is currently estimated at $ 25 billion. Adjusted for inflation is over $ 160 billion. Historians agree that Johnson could cancel the very expensive lunar program, as it clearly interfered with his social policies aimed at economic growth and poverty reduction. Fortunately, Johnson decided to continue the Apollo program in memory of former President Kennedy.

Why the United States won the moon program

By 1974, when the Americans made six successful landings on the moon, the USSR was reeling from his rocket, which was to send Soviet cosmonauts to the moon. But all these tests failed. Realized his defeat of the USSR in the end the lunar program was closed.

Read on: Why cosmonauts flew to the moon?

If you believe NASA chief historian Roger Launis, in a conversation with one of the Soviet engineers who participated in the development of the Soviet lunar program, he admitted that in the USSR the success of the first landing on the moon was seen just luck. But after the successful completion of the mission the second landing on the satellite of a spacecraft with people, it became clear that America’s lunar program did not catch up. In the technological capabilities of the Soviet Union was at that time already hopelessly behind.

Why flights to the moon were important for humanity

And yet, how important was the human flight to the moon? During the preparation of the space program “Apollo” NASA has collaborated with many private companies. Due to the huge financial support they have developed a new technology, without which manned flights to the moon would be impossible. For example, the huge importance was the development of compact computers. Progress in the miniaturization of electronics has led to the fact that powerful computers are now able to fit on our palms. Many of the established technologies for the first space flights was the basis for development of useful things that are used today by people in everyday life.

Also read: 10 everyday things that have changed due to flights into space

There would be these things we have, if no program “Apollo” was not on the moon, no one has flown? Yes. Only to create them, most likely, it would take more time. And they would look probably very different.

Manned flight to the moon proved that people are able to explore space. The success of Americans was the impetus for the further development of new and no less ambitious space programs around the world. We started to build space satellites and orbital space stations. Regularly to send to the orbit of the Earth people for conducting various scientific experiments and testing of various new technologies. Why? We began to dream of space. Look at the sky and wonder whether life exist somewhere else, and not just on our blue ball.

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