What do we know about the moons of Uranus?

Uranium is the most mysterious and little-studied planet in the Solar system. When in 1986 the space station “Voyager-2” sent pictures of this ice giant on Earth, scientists call the blue planet “wishy-washy” due to the fact that Uranus has no bright bands as on Jupiter, there is no outstanding rings like Saturn, but in its temperature readings Uranus colder, even more remote from the Sun of Neptune. However, despite all his “neprilagodenosti” the Uranium has as many as 27 satellites, some of which really deserve our attention.

Uranus — third the diameter of the planet in the Solar system

What are the moons of Uranus?

Despite the fact that Uranium has a private entourage of 27 moons, 5 of them can be attributed to the full round moon. Thus, the largest satellite of the planet can be considered as Titania, the diameter of which is 1578 kilometers; in second place is Oberon, named after one of the characters of William Shakespeare, the third satellite Umbriel’, then the satellites Ariel and Miranda. The last satellite, by the way, is recognized as the most ugly moon in the Solar system. The fact is that according to scientific studies, this small satellite of Uranus in his time has undergone some major catastrophe that caused its complete destruction. After some time, Miranda had managed in some mysterious way to “stick together” again, causing the moon’s surface in the present day is dotted with shapeless bulges icy, against which stands a geological formation called the ledge of Verona.

The surface of Miranda and its towering escarpment Verona

Interesting fact: All the moons of Uranus named after characters from the works of William Shakespeare and Alexander Pope.

Satellite of Uranus Titania is the first open in the vicinity of Uranium spherical object, which was discovered by the famous astronomer William Herschel in 1787. The surface of this satellite literally dotted with giant system of faults and cliffs, reaching a depth of 5 kilometers. The largest and deepest canyon on Titania is considered the canyon of Messina, which extends from the equator of this icy moon down to the South pole of the satellite.

See also: Scientists have measured the temperature of the rings of Uranus

One of the first images of Titania obtained by humans thanks to the “Voyager-2”

Oberon, named after the main character from the works of “a Midsummer night’s Dream” by William Shakespeare, is the most distant satellite of Uranus, the development of which has practically no impacts magnetospheres of the ice giants. In addition, Oberon was named the most red satellite system of Uranus due to the presence on its surface a large number of dark red material of unknown origin.

Oberon — the red moon of Uranus

Half ice and half stone Ariel is one of the smallest spherical satellites in the Solar system. Its surface has a complex topography, which consists of deep canyons, cliffs and valleys with signs of geological activity. It is believed that a complete geological death, it saves only the strong tidal influence of Uranus, stretching the depths of its icy moon that occurs due to the fairly close proximity of the satellite to its neighbor.

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Neighbor of Ariel Umbriel officially recognized as the darkest satellite of Uranus due to its extremely low reflectivity, which is only 16%. It is believed that Umbriel is one of the most criteriamany satellite system of Uranus, and the size of some very large craters of the moon reach 200 kilometers in diameter. It is known that Umbriel was not visited by any interplanetary probes, besides the already mentioned above “Voyager-2” in 1986. Further expeditions in this very lost world today are not planned.

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