“The second sun of the Earth”: the future of China fusion and unlimited energy

March 19, 2019 to The Galaxy wrote that China’s about to launch “artificial sun”, promising a future of infinite clean energy. Unlike nuclear fission, the synthesis does not emit virtually no greenhouse gases, and carries less risk of accidental leakage of atomic matter. “Artificial sun” is the Chinese experimental advanced superconducting tokamak in the shape of a torus, which is constructed on the earthen spit in the lake in the Eastern province of Anhui.

The source of eternal power will be in China

Officials of the province announced that this year’s machine, which will contain “artificial sun”, will be built and activates nuclear fusion, in which hydrogen from sea water and lithium is readily available will be heated to a temperature of 150 million degrees Celsius.

Already a working reactor of this type in Hefei gave the same temperatures as in the depths of the sun. In November, he became the world’s first object, which was the temperature reached 100 million degrees — six times higher than in the core of our sun. These incredible temperatures are crucial to maintain stable nuclear fusion reactions, which promises to be an inexhaustible source of energy.

“Artificial sun plasma consists mainly of electrons and ions, and existing devices of the “tokamak” has reached the temperature of the electrons is more than 100 million degrees Celsius in the plasma core and the ion temperature of 50 million degrees, and that the ions generate energy in the device,” says Dr. Duane Ōtsuki, a representative of the Chinese national nuclear Corporation.

HL-2M “tokamak” will increase the intensity of electricity from one to three megaampere what will be an important step to achieve nuclear fusion. The deuterium extracted from one liter of sea water, in the process of complete fusion reactions emit energy equivalent to burning 300 liters of gasoline.

“Artificial sun” will carry out synthesis in the same way as the Sun, using deuterium and tritium (radioactive hydrogen-3), and generate electricity. Clean energy will not produce waste, making it ideal for use by people in the future.

The current “artificial sun” is reminiscent of an imaginary “planetary engine” of Chinese science fiction blockbuster “the Wandering Earth”, and its main device is a red rectangle.

In 2018, scientists announced that they managed to keep the temperature for 60 seconds, but the goal is to maintain it longer, up to thousands of seconds.

“We hope to expand international cooperation on this device and to make the Chinese contribution to the future use of nuclear fusion mankind,” says song Unto working on the project.

China also plans to build a separate reactor, nuclear fusion, which will start generating commercially available synthesized electricity by mid-century. EAST is also part of the international ITER project, which is also working on the availability of fusion energy.

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