Started the second Russian experiment simulating missions to the moon

March 18 in Moscow began the second part of the continuous insulation SIRIUS experiment to simulate sending people to the moon. The experiment this time will last for four months (120 days), whereas the first time the crew “flew” to the moon 17 days and is conducted by the Institute of biomedical problems of RAS.

In the framework of the experience is planned simulated flight to the moon, to choose the site for the future construction of settlements and bases, and then “return” back to Earth. The crew consists of three women and three men that are about 14 hours Moscow time closed the hatches of the module to hold in the expedition of 120 days. Led by their experienced cosmonaut Evgeny Tarelkin, who worked on the ISS in 2012-2013. All crew members have passed a rigorous medical-expert Commission and spent three days in the medical-technical ground experimental complex (NEK), which performed the functions of the spacecraft.

It is a unique experience for the astronauts who can experience not only the flight to the moon, but the landing without the risk of not coming back to Earth. To make the events more real, use the virtual reality system mounted in the helmets of the spacesuits of astronauts, and the floor of the pavilion is covered with a special material that simulates the lunar regolith. Moreover, the experiment does not exclude the occurrence of emergencies, including the loss of communication with Earth for 5 days.

According to plan, the astronauts will spend a week to reach the orbit of the satellite. Then they will spend docked to the lunar orbital station will determine the landing site and will simulate landing on the descent module, followed by a series of group outputs on the surface (no more than three people at a time).

As the final phase of the experiment, the crew will do a four-week flight around the moon and try to remotely control Rovers. After that, the astronauts will “return” to Earth.

The SIRIUS experiment is carried out at the Institute of biomedical problems (IBMP), so the goal is to study other aspects of future flights. For example, will be studied as participants in the experiment, which independently tries to allocate roles, to learn to live in a new environment, to interact, work and play in a confined space, which is also important in future flights. To eat the participants are not oysters, and the space food rations from the Russian “Compita”. So it’s official.

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