Scientists have created a synthetic cell, which itself produces energy

Researchers from around the world are trying to create an artificial cell, which, like the present, can in a natural way to create and synthesize their component parts. A big step towards the creation of an independent cell already done — scientists from Tokyo Institute of technology taught artificial cell self-proteins and generate energy. This was achieved by concentrating on the development of the cell membrane.

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According to the researcher named Jotetsu Kuruma, to create energy independent of the cells they needed to create artificial cell membrane protein ATP-sintazy and bacteriorhodopsin. They were the main tools to create a cyclic system of consumption and energy production on the basis of an external source, namely sunlight.

So, in the process of energy production protein bacteriorhodopsin swallowed yellow wavelengths and move protons from one side of the artificial membrane to the other. As a result of the inequality of positively charged ions on different sides of the membrane enzyme ATP-synthase started to produce high-energy molecules. Six hours of illumination, the cell was able to significantly increase the amount of energy.

According to Jotetsu Kuruma, energy input can be used for synthesis of other cellular components. The study showed that the creation of independent cells is possible, and this opens up great opportunities for developing artificial organs. In the future, researchers will develop the production of more proteins, as in this experiment, their variety was very limited.

The research results will help to study the history of protocells, which are considered precursors to modern cells. Examining the processes, they will be able to understand how they could use solar energy for the subsequent evolution.

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