OS X Mavericks: the tenth life cat Apple

After OS X Lion was the obvious: more than one worthy candidate in the world of “big cats” there. The king of beasts. It was a dead end: the name of the new version of the operating system should emphasize its superiority over the former… Big cats is over. For Mac OS 10.8 name found: Mountain Lion, it was right and appropriate, and clever – but what’s next?

June 10, 2013, Craig Federighi called the name of the Mac OS 10.9: Mavericks, and has announced a new series of names: “California geographic names”. Corny and a little in the style of Apple? It turned out that the names of the operating systems is much less important.

It is believed that cats have nine lives. It is a popular misconception, but what in this world is not confusing? The first about a cat’s nine lives Mac native operating system, wrote to John of Syracuse, a journalist for the online publication Ars Technica, author depth reviews of Mac OS X since the first public beta versions.

Now OS X came tenth life cat. At WWDC 2013, Craig federighi did not disclose her secrets. Proposed to call the new version “Sea Lion” (sea lion), and he also laughed at us. Details, he said little: the goals of the new version, a new in it, price and date release.

Leaving the system was supposed to “fall” for the first time since Mac OS 10.1, its price expressed itself round in the world amount to zero dollars, about three details will be discussed later. While the focus on the opened it is important and unexpected moments.

Mavericks presentation was preceded by the presentation of iOS 7, and that now the whole design, in all its forms – diocese of Jonathan Ive, knew not all.

The expulsion of the skeuomorph

A skeuomorph is a design style, popular in the interfaces of operating systems and programs of the first personal computers with graphic abilities. To make it easier to navigate in his new virtual world, but also for aesthetic reasons, abstract objects (folders, screens, and the like), it was fashionable to portray them as objects close to them the purpose of the real world.

Graphical user interface!

In pursuit of fashion interfaces have weighted in excess of the necessary interface elements “drew” three-dimensional, spending time and resources on a game display of shadows and realism, and interfaces without these beautiful declared boring.

However, if the designers do not deny the sense of proportion, it was great and not distract from the “most important” – from content. It’s just the style.

The style may not be harmful, harmful excesses.

Scott Forstall, preferred interfaces “antique” – Jonathan Ive was and remains a supporter of the opposite doctrine. In 2013, Jonathan Ive has led the Apple design in all its manifestations. And the era of “flat design”.

The idea that design systems from Apple something, was visited by many. Why this area does not attract these professional designers?

Attracted.

Calendar and contacts lost textures “antique”. Applause. Finally!

But it soon became clear that the creators of the world’s best design mobile devices and computers in user interfaces are not as successful. This is my personal opinion, I don’t insist. Minimalism in interfaces makes them less intuitive. If you have a different opinion, I will not argue.

The perception of the design individually.

Goal

Hardly a coincidence: the goal that Intel set before the creators of the Intel Core fourth generation coincided with the order delivered to developers a new version of OS X. the Decrease in the cost of energy. Ecology nothing. Users have become more mobile in every sense of the word, laptops have become the most popular kind of computers, and the time of their Autonomous work – an important competitive advantage.

Haswell processors, while consuming twice less energy, even ahead (albeit not much) of their predecessors in terms of performance.

To reduce energy consumption (without sacrificing performance) it was at the kernel level of the system.

Apple announced the reduction of energy consumption by 70 percent. Check out these words is almost impossible, but at least some truth in this statement was exactly.

Applications in the background for a long time, 10.9 switched to an inactive state (like sleep state), the United Manager work flow processes to optimize CPU load.

In addition to reducing energy consumption, Apple attended to the decrease in the reaction time of the interface to the user. Scrolling (due to the optimization in Core Animation) was almost immediate, in memory unused for a long time the memory blocks are dynamically compressed, freeing up more memory for active processes.

Over system serious job, and despite the inevitable “Woe from wit” – a situation when these smart things, because of bad circumstances worked against the user, the progress was evident.

Innovations

In the Finder appeared tabs. Both in Safari and in other browsers. In essence, the Finder could also be called a browser, navigating the file system similar to the navigation in the world wide web.

Tabs in Finder have been “copied” from the tabs in Safari, and repeated all their features.

First thought was to wonder why they didn’t think to introduce in the Finder before? It’s so easy, almost begs – no any technical obstacles for this was not long ago.

Another innovation was the tags of file system objects. Since the classic Mac OS file or folder, you can “paint” in one of the available colors for this criticism for the rest.

Mac OS 10.9 users now have the ability to assign files own text tags, for example “Trip to Thailand” or “Planning a mission to Mars”.

With the file system object that you can associate any number of tags. The search system taught to search for objects by value tag or by multiple tags. Again, just to outrageous and definitely useful, why never think of that before?

Another important innovation (which is also asked from time immemorial) was the extension of external displays. Now between screens, you can not only drag a Finder window, but a menu bar and dock.

In General it was great, but due to the peculiarities of the implementation of the Doc and/or the menu bar can “spontaneously” be moved to the external display and to return them to the place had a few times to click on the place where I would like to see the defector until he came back.

Actually, of course, moved these objects do not spontaneously, it is necessary to click an unknown to me number of times in the place of the screen on the home at the time the display was, for example, Doc.

However, this point was only concerned about the first month or two.

To be continued

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