Next year Samsung will release an even more powerful and energy efficient processors

We often discussed Moore’s law discovered by Gordon Moore, former CEO of Intel. Moore’s law States that the number of transistors inside integrated circuits doubles every two years. Modern high-performance chips such as Snapdragon 855 A12 Bionic and Apple, are made using a 7-nm process, which means that the size of transistors within a component is 7 billionths of a meter. This is obviously less than that of the chips of the previous generation, which used the technical process 10 nanometers. So it was even more obvious how far we have come, Nexus 5 2013 release has been equipped with Snapdragon processor 800, which used the 28-nm process technology.

You may ask why is it so important? Since the size of transistors decreases, more of them can fit in the tight space of the integrated circuit. A greater number of transistors used in the chip increases its power and improves the energy efficiency component. That is why it is important, according to the publication CNET, to Samsung announced that it managed to reduce the size of the transistor to 5 nm. 2000 of these transistors will correspond to the width of a human hair and the circuits that use these incredibly tiny transistors, can improve the performance by 10% and reduce energy consumption by 20%.

Samsung will start mass production using 5-nm manufacturing process in the second quarter of 2020. But now the company allows its customers to produce the test chips on the new technology. Samsung will also be a competitor in the person of TSMC, a Taiwanese company engaged in the research and production of semiconductor products. The latter began to create prototypes of 5-nm processors for their clients and reports that its new chips provide 15% performance increase compared to the previous generation, while the Samsung is only 10%. Although TSMC and is not going to talk in detail about how she managed to achieve such indicators, the company claims that the number of transistors that can fit on a certain surface area is increased by 80% thanks to its new technology compared to 25 percent for Samsung.

“After successfully completing our work over the processors of a 5-nm under the new technology, we have proven its capabilities in the field based on EUV components. In response to the growing demand from customers for advanced technology in the production of processors to significantly improve their next generation products, we continue to accelerate our mass production technology based on EUV,” said Charlie Bay, Executive Vice President, foundry at Samsung Electronics

As Samsung and TSMC can now more accurately plan production of chips using EUV-lithography. This technology uses short beams of ultraviolet light to the etched circuits on silicon wafers. Samsung and IBM are also working on a technology called nano-sheets, which was initially supposed to be used in the production of 5-nm chips. This, as it turned out, did not happen, but with this technology we can safely expect an increase in CPU performance by 50% and reducing energy consumption by 75%.

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