News from the world of black holes: “woolen balls” deprived “fire walls”

Some physicists believed that the perimeter of a black hole is a “wall of fire”, which incinerates all that absorbed its powerful gravitational attraction. However, a team of scientists from Ohio state University calculated an explanation of what happens with the electron falling into the usual black hole with the mass of our Sun.

“The probability that the electron goes to the photon in radiation and burn is negligible. Even less it is in the case of giant black holes that occur in space,” says Samir Mathur, Professor of physics. The study appeared in the Journal of High Energy Physics.

In 2004, Mathur suggested that black holes are essentially large, intricate tangles of yarn, “wool balls” (fuzzball), which are becoming more and more sucking. This theory, says Mathur, solves the notorious “information paradox” of black holes. Stephen Hawking in 1975, gave life to this paradox, concluding that particles falling into a black hole, never to leave. But this contradicts quantum mechanics.

In 2012 he came with the argument “walls of fire” (firewall) — that is, the “wool ball” should be surrounded by a wall of fire that burns any object before he comes to the surface.

“In this study, we found a flaw in the argument “fire walls,” says Mathur.

After several months of mathematical calculations, Mathur and his team came to numerical explanation in support of the theory, rejecting the fire wall.

“The question is, where the black hole you have. We think that the closer the person to the horizon, the surface wool ball grows, meeting him before he reaches the hottest part of the radiation, and this is an important conclusion of our work, which makes fire wall unnecessary.”

Getting to “embrace” the “wool ball” (black hole), the man is tangled in the strings, which actually represent the external surface of this ball.

“The argument of fire wall seemed to be a quick way to prove that falling through the horizon burns. But this argument is unnecessary; what is happening can only be explained by detailed calculations in the framework of string theory,” says Mathur.

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