New NASA Rover “Mars-2020” is assembled and is undergoing an active phase of testing

New NASA Rover, which will travel to the Red planet in the summer of 2020, is currently undergoing an active phase of inspections and testing. As the portal specialists of the jet propulsion Laboratory of NASA (JPL) is a fully assembled and tested compatibility a special capsule, in which the Rover will fly to our planetary neighbor. During landing on the surface of Mars is a new stand-alone science lab, like its predecessor “Curiosity“landed on Mars in 2012, will have to experience the “7 minutes of terror.”

To prepare the Rover to this severe test, the researchers carried out a reliable “blow” of all scientific equipment and carefully check whether customized in literally every bolt and screw. New the Rover and “Curiosity” have the same chassis and frame, however, the Rover will travel to Mars in 2020, equipped with other scientific instruments.

“Styling is a very important part of the training mission. No matter how good our computer models, we have to make sure that all attaching holes match up and everything fits as it should,” says David Gruel, coordinator of build, test, and start the mission “Mars-2020” from the jet propulsion Laboratory.

“It’s an amazing feeling when you see that everything is assembled and waits for the next phase of training which will ultimately lead to the fact that Rover will be delivered to the launch pad at Cape Canaveral and will send to Mars in July of next year.”

For the process of laying the JPL use real Rover and his “double”, almost an exact copy, which, before assembling and installing this equipment is verified correctly converge between all the details.

During the last series of tests the engineers have set on top of the Rover, the double, the upper part of the descent module. Making sure all the holes correspond to each other, the experts set and then the bottom part which will protect real the Rover during its atmospheric entry of the red planet. The researchers then established the special nose cone, designed to protect the unit, the parachute system of the Rover “Mars-2020” at the entrance of the apparatus of the planet’s atmosphere. In the final phase of the descent cone of the apparatus are separated, allowing the parachute to gently land the Rover on the surface.

Next, the spacecraft acoustic tests were taken to a special area of testing the impact of the environment. It modeled a variety of extreme environmental conditions that the Rover will be subjected during its launch and landing. Under the latter test, scientists will test how sound waves and vibration will affect the Rover during launch and landing.

At the conclusion of those tests, scientists will test the structural integrity of the apparatus. If it was successful, the Rover will be placed in the thermal vacuum chamber, which will be feigned by the conditions of the space environment in which the Rover “Mars 2020” will have to spend seven months in the course of its flight to the red planet. Then followed another test for the integrity and reliability of all connections. After the completion of thermal tests in a vacuum chamber assembled unit will return back to the Assembly shop, where he again plead for regular inspections and improvements.

“This mission does not stop for a minute. As long as the rocket “Atlas” is off from the surface of the launch pad at Cape Canaveral and will not send our Rover to Mars in July 2020, we will always be something to collect, check and modify,” explained Grewal.

Such careful preparation, a new Rover is quite justified, because the Rover “Mars 2020” will be assigned a very ambitious task – to find life on Mars. Its predecessor “Curiosity” for its work on the red planet was able to find many hints of its existence in the past (they were discovered particles of water, organic molecules and methane), but the “Curiosity” is not adapted for effective search of life. In addition, with the Rover “Mars-2020” is planned to collect samples of Martian soil, which in the subsequent missions are expected to be returned to Earth for more detailed analysis.

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