NASA is testing miniature satellites to track storms

To monitor climate change and preparation of weather forecasts have long been used various monitoring tools like the surface of the Earth and from the air. And speaking of the weather satellites, most of them are extremely bulky design. Needless to say that such aircraft would be a good upgrade? It is this and engaged the engineers of NASA in the framework of the project RainCube, which aims to create a miniature meteorological apparatus that is capable of meteoritic and to predict the occurrence of severe storms.

Each satellite RainCube (Radar in CubeSat) is several times less than any existing analogues. At the request of NASA engineers, one satellite does not exceed the size of a Shoe box and “could easily fit in a backpack.” A swarm of these aircraft is extremely easy scales and can be extended or split into several small groups.

The images and data obtained with one of the satellites during the tests

RainCube uses new technology analysis and collect data in order to detect incipient storms and record precipitation in the form of rain and snow. In July of 2018 a few RainCube was released from the ISS into orbit and sent data and images of the storm over Mexico. In September, mini-satellites sent another series of shots, where was demonstrated the first precipitation of the nascent hurricane Florence. At the request of the engineers aerospace Agency,

“RainCube — only demonstration of possibilities. It’s an experiment that will allow you to see whether the transition from bulky inexpensive weather balloon on a tiny satellite to monitor weather conditions in real time. RainCube scans the terrain using something like echolocation. Antenna of the satellite sends the audio and radar signals which, starting from the rain, send the echo back to the satellite. By analyzing these data, the device can “see inside” everything that happens in the clouds, or the emerging storm.”

In addition, NASA experts also point out that RainCube in the production of cheaper standard satellites, and then for the same money to the orbit can produce multiple locators that can provide more data and make the forecast more accurate.

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