Former astronaut: you have not yet created rockets that will take us to Mars

Chris Hadfield, Colonel, canadian air force and astronaut of the Canadian space Agency, the perpetrators of three space flights (two for the Space Shuttle program and one under the long-term missions on the ISS) known to the General public due to its cavero on the famous song “Space Oddity” of the deceased David Bowie. After retiring in 2013, Hadfield, however, had lost interest in space, rockets, space ships and even conducts master classes online on space research.

Business Insider decided to take the Hadfield interview and ask about what he thinks about the future of rocketry and the three big players in the new space race: the Space Launch System rocket space Agency NASA, Big Falcon Rocket private company SpaceX and the New Glenn private rocket company Blue Origin.

The answer is the former astronaut is unlikely to please those who would like over the next one or two decades to witness the first landing on Mars, not to mention those who gathered in the future to settle on the red planet.

“Personally, I don’t think any of these three missiles will be able to deliver people to Mars. I doubt that any of them will be able to offer a practical way to deliver people to the Red planet, because it will be very dangerous and take a long time,” said Hadfield.

Most of the astronauts not reach

The opinion of Hadfield is based on the fact that all three rockets for launch from the Earth’s surface and catalyse mounted to the spacecraft using the same fuel (plus oxygen).

“I guess we’ll never fly to Mars with these three missiles and engines that they use. If we have to do it,” said former astronaut.

New system launch, NASA Space Launch System waiting for its debut in 2020-ies will use engines operating on a combination of liquid hydrogen and solid chemical fuels. Blue Origin, a private company, razrabotok missiles, created to Finance IT-magnate Jeff Bezos, is also planning to use in my rocket liquid hydrogen. The company SpaceX Elon musk relies on liquid methane, as it believes that will be able to get it on the Martian surface.

Like other experts Hadfield’t doubt that any of these three missiles can actually reach Mars. But Hadfield doubt that any of these missiles will be able to take to the red planet safe and the safety of their passengers. The probability of an explosion, radiation, famine, and other possible problems are a constant threat to the security of the mission.

“In fact, we could send people to Mars a few decades ago. That is, technologies that were used for missions to the moon, when I was a kid, could get us to Mars. But the risk would be too high,” said Hadfield.

“Most of the crew that went to the red planet wouldn’t be able to fly. They would have died. All because our technology is still very primitive.”

The developers of the rockets are well aware of this. Space Agency NASA, for example, and the Russian space program on a personal example it was convinced that space exploration is a dangerous enterprise, often able to stake a human life. The same Elon Musk is also constantly repeats that the first people who will go to Mars in his rocket ship, most likely, will die.

“The first trip to Mars will be very dangerous. The risk of death is extremely high. With this we will just have to accept it,” — said Musk in 2016.

According to Hadfield, this risk should force us to be more patient and more intelligently to move toward our main goal of humans to Mars.

“In reality, we first need to clearly answer the question — why? Why do we want to go there? Why not just send in robots and using them to learn more about Mars?”

Cross the broad ocean between Earth and Mars

Hadfield notes that the missiles, the construction of which is carried out at the moment, will be the first step in our journey on the exploration of the Solar system. However, to use these ships to deliver humans to Mars is 300 million miles from Earth, even with the use of new, advanced materials and computers will be akin to crossing the ocean in a canoe or kayak.

“We like those first ships whose captains did not know where they are, because “it” has not been opened,” said Hadfield, referring to the historic voyages of Columbus, Magellan and cook.

“I think we need to reach several technological breakthroughs before we will be able in any way to cross the ocean, located between us and Mars.”

Hadfield said he does not know what these new technologies should be, but noted recent achievements in the field of ion movement, as well as returning interest from NASA in favor of nuclear reactors. It is possible that someday scientists will make a breakthrough in the study of dark matter and energy, which will help us in these efforts.

“Probably working with the alpha magnetic spectrometer installed on Board the ISS, the particle accelerator at CERN, or something else will allow us one day to conquer gravity. Sounds fantastic. But we figured out how to conquer electricity and learned how to run electrons. Prior to this all too was considered science fiction. But in the end, revolutionised our lives and our travels. Who knows what will happen next?”

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