Condensate Bose-Einstein first made in space

An international group of scientists successfully produced the condensate of Bose-Einstein space. In his work, published in the journal Nature, the group describes the creation of a small experimental device, which was taken on a rocket to space, and the experiments that were carried out during his free fall. The condensate of Bose-Einstein is a state of matter in which the gas atoms move with very low density, cooled almost to the temperature of absolute zero.

Scientists are interested in their creation, because they can check their properties according to the theory, they can serve as the basis for highly sensitive sensors. Such ultra-sensitive sensors could be used to better understand physical phenomena such as gravitational waves. However, the production of condensates Bose-Einstein is a complex process because gravity interferes with devices preventing the production and study of condensate. The current method includes resetting such devices from the towers to simulate microgravity, but these experiments lasted fraction of second. Conducting such experiments in space would be much more convenient option due to microgravity.

Why you need a condensate of Bose-Einstein?

Recognizing the potential of space platform for research of the condensate Bose-Einstein, last may, the United States launched the cold atom Lab, though not yet fully functional. Meanwhile, scientists in this new initiative have created a tiny device that is able to produce MBL and carried out with his participation many experiments running it on a rocket and moving in space.

The device consists of a capsule containing a chip, which is a group of atoms of rubidium-87, electronics, more lasers and energy source. It is activated when the rocket reaches a height of 243 km, and produces BACK in just 1.6 seconds. Once BACK produced by, 110 pre-programmed experiments are performed for six minutes, until the rocket falls to the Ground.

BACKING produced by a team of scientists, became the first made in space and marked a new era of research BACKING.

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