China will soon visit uncharted territory on the moon

China promises to go down in history of space exploration, so to speak. In December, the country will launch the first ever spacecraft on dark side of the moon. Another system, which will go to the satellite in 2019, will return lunar samples to Earth for the first time since 1976. These two missions are at the forefront of interest in the exploration of our nearest celestial body. The Indian space Agency and private companies in Israel and Germany also hoping for a robotic lunar mission in 2019. The US plans to bring astronauts to orbit the moon in 2023 and drop them off on the lunar surface by the end of 2020.

Despite decades of research, the only natural satellite of the Earth still holds many mysteries about its formation and the keys to the history of the Solar system. “Too many things we don’t know,” says planetary scientist long Xiao from China University of Geosciences in Wuhan. In June and July he published a work, in which he described the landing of new Chinese mission, “Chang’e” 4 and 5.

China wants the moon

To find out what secrets does the Moon, scientists want to get their hands on the new rock samples. Mission to return samples “Chang’e-5” will undoubtedly allow them to consider the samples which have not been seen. “If you fall to the Ground and land in the UK, you will not be able to draw conclusions about the entire planet, based on what I saw in the UK”, the researchers note.

At this time, China explores the lunar regions, to which no one has ever studied. “Chang’e-4” targeting the biggest, oldest known deep and surface detail of the moon — pool South pole-Aitken created by the fall of a celestial body. Its width is 2500 kilometers, and a depth of 8.2 kilometers. The crater is too large to studies by the Mars Rover. Therefore “Chang’e-4” will go to the 186-kilometer crater in the background of the Pocket is in the large pool.

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