China is building a fleet of Autonomous submarines with artificial intelligence. Why?

Autonomous flotilla of submarines under the control of artificial intelligence advances in densely populated Asian water-ways. Transport will belong to the Chinese armed forces, and his mission will definitely make the next country to raise surprised eyebrows. As informs Chinese resource SCMP, submarines will be able to perform “tasks of a wide range, from reconnaissance to placing mines and even suicide attacks on enemy vessels”.

If all goes according to plan, the first submarine will be launched in 2020.

Why China smart Navy submarines?

Although the details of the project remain sparse, one unnamed scientists told the SCMP that the submarines “will be without nuclear weapons”.

Before the onboard AI systems will be challenged to make decisions on the rate and depth, to avoid detection, and to identify any vessel that passes by. One of the topics that causes some concern for whether AI systems to request information during the mission. In other words, will they be able to make their own decisions about who to attack.

China’s neighbors will definitely be surprised with this news. Submarines, most likely, will patrol the zone in the South China sea and the Pacific ocean. In these zones the disputed waters, which China, Japan and Vietnam share among themselves. Not so long ago, the Chinese military has created an artificial island in this region, to host military bases.

Local robotic submarines can be seen as a further escalation of the situation.

Regional alarm can be aided by the fact that the AI ships will be able to learn from such ships. In other words, submarines can carry out continuous policy adjustment and development, if will be deployed in the conflict.

Battle robots across the sea

This is not the only military project involving Autonomous ships at sea. Lin Yang Institute of automation Shenyang under the Chinese Academy of Sciences, told SCMP that the Chinese project was launched in response to similar measures taken by the United States.

Earlier this year, DARPA gave US Navy experimental ship ASWACTUW. At the end of development “Sea hunter” will also be able to carry out Autonomous missions of up to three months duration.

The United States also works with major defense contractors on two prototype systems for Autonomous submarines that will be ready by 2020: Orca from Lockheed Martin and Echo Voyager from Boeing.

The murky waters of military intelligence

These developments add fuel to the fire of fierce debate surrounding the use of combat systems with the support of artificial intelligence. In the case of submarines, there remain questions about whether these boats will be to steal or break into, then apply for other purposes.

If we one day get to the point when drone becomes all the combat vehicles, we all become observers. But military conflict is usually a social problem that involves people and their decisions. A call to ban the creation of weapons based on artificial intelligence.

“Lethal Autonomous weapons threaten to become the third revolution in military Affairs,” wrote the authors of the letter with a call to ban AI in development of weapons. “After the development it will allow for military action on a scale larger than ever and faster than people can understand. This can be weapons of terror, weapons that despots and terrorists use against innocent people, and weapons, hacked for use in an undesirable way. There is not much time. Once Pandora’s box opens, it will be difficult to close.”

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