About “the Apple”-6. Newton, part 2: the Hobbits, Dylan and other outrages

If the Newton project was supervised by someone able to feel what the market needs, and abandon dead ends in development, and if Newton was published not in 1993, as in 1989 or 1990… But, alas, it all happened the way it happened.

Apple Computer used the work of hobbits!

Scully introduced the Newton group with their vision of their task. What emerges, “computer in your hand” could not be. In addition to handwriting recognition that Steve Saccomano and his colleagues seemed though complex, but quite achievable task, had a few more tasks much more difficult.

But… “We are no barriers either in the sea or on land,…” As said, KEPS, they Sacomano with quiet horror watched fascinated by the work of engineers. Came true the worst of fears.

The first variant of the device revolutionary platform Newton, Figaro, was similar to Knowledge Navigator of the rollers Scully. Case size is 9 by 12 inches, or at 228,6 304,8 mm. According to ISO 216, A4 to this size does not hold, there is only 210 to 297 mm.

The body was located:

  • leading all other parts of the complex in motion and implements the intelligence, three of the hobbit;
  • hard drive;
  • chips access remote networks;
  • chips control IR sensors (infrared);
  • LCD screen with active matrix, not color;
  • the battery for this.

All of this weighed a lot and was pulling, according to conservative estimates, 6,000 of those dollars. But each device can communicate (for IR channels) with five himself like that, of course, was essential. Scully the decision of the team liked, he commanded to continue working.

Speaking of hobbits…

“Computerra” many years ago, called the processors “Cheburashka” and explained their origin: these hobbits were not originally from middle earth, and from the research center AT&T Bell Labs.

But, seriously, the processors were indeed unique. They were the embodiment of the iron With the abstract machine architecture CRISP (C-language Reduced Instruction Set Computing).

C-machine is a theoretical development of Bell Labs, the hypothetical bezregistracii processor architecture optimized for execution of programs with many procedures and the stack organization of data storage. Astronavta the disadvantages of conventional processors, which prevented the programs compiled from C, to work with maximum efficiency.

Iron attractive embodiment of abstraction interested in Apple Computer, which led Bell Labs in confusion. This was an experimental processor, validation of concepts and theoretical insights. They were not intended for commercial purposes in their design and manufacture were not followed the formalities necessary for the issue of the product. They are almost not tested, did not spend time for accurate debugging and fine-tuning. The Apple representative said. He agreed and promised to inform people.

AT&T took with Apple Computer a certain number of dollars (two million and a half this estimate, the exact amount unknown).

The hobbit was full of bugs and almost never worked. In response to the claims Apple, AT&T Bell Labs agreed to bring processors to industrial quality for the extra few million dollars (the usual value of the debugging process, nothing personal).

Apple refused and decided to use ARM processors.

AT&T Bell Labs brought the hobbits to industrial quality level, already at its own expense, and they were used in an interesting communication tablet EO Personal Communicator, a British company Go, which was not a market success, because his time had not yet come. And somewhere else, showing a more than impressive results, but the history of the hobbits ended ingloriously. It was unfair, but such is life.

Software Newton

Developers had several problems, some of which are complexity and uniqueness surpassed their wildest dreams. The guys gathered talented, and the conditions they have created is fantastic.

No one customized. Their efforts were treated with understanding. They spent several months spent days in research and pleasant discussions. In the novel by Lev Kassil “Goalkeeper”, which in 1936 was shot the same film, one of the characters, Karasik, the engineer, was engaged in development projects, unrelated to the actual problems, whatever they wanted, as was written in his job description. In the film, this point is almost not reflected, but in the novel described in great detail, and I’m “hooked”.

In the USSR this was not, especially in the 30s. But on the Apple Computer in the late ‘ 80s a group of highly paid employees lived about the same.

Developed at a time NewtonScript, which is based on SELF and several other languages, “brother” and several other JavaScript s Script was great. I love Apple for such are often (surprisingly) pearls.

In the framework of Newton software, Apple has developed another language, Dylan supporting “multiple paradigms”, in fact, their two – object-oriented programming and functional. The language combines the features of LISP, SELF and several other languages, he never (in the Apple era of its existence) was not finished, but I didn’t die after the termination of his Apple, rather the contrary. On the portal language reported that they still use today, but the last update (2014.1) dated 2015.

Release the core of Newtons was written on the worker-peasant C++, it was written low-level services and libraries. A significant amount of code contained in ROM, but not to conceal it – to reduce the load on the CPU and RAM.

About a year or two before the release of the first Newton on the Dylan language was, inexplicably, overwritten operating system. Nobody was going to maintain two systems, a version written in C++, was actually better. I read the memoirs of someone who was copied on the system Dylan’e, which did not understand why.

All the tasks were more or less solved, except for the recognition of handwritten texts. It was not even bad, really bad. This is one of the tasks, high-quality solution which is not ill by them is practically impossible. In such cases, are purchased ready third-party libraries, but it is in our days, when there are plenty to choose from. In the late ‘ 80s to choose was not anything else.

Handwritten text is recognized, but uncertain, imprecise, sharply reacting to the slightest deviation in spelling (resize, tilt, unfinished or odd lines) – it was a failure. To release a handheld computer in which this function is the main method of data entry was broken, it was impossible.

And the project would be closed, but there was absolutely incredible, worthy of a spy Thriller story. In Moscow, the capital of the USSR.

To be continued

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    In December of 2017, Donald Trump made history by recognizing Jerusalem as the captial of Israel Why is this big news? Because by this the Jewish people of Israel are now able to press forward in bringing about the Third Temple prophesied in the Bible

    The Jewish people deny Jesus as their Messiah and have stated that their Messiah has been identified and is waiting to be revealed They say this man will rule the world under a one world igion called spiritualism

    They even printed a coin to raise money for the Temple with Donald Trumps face on the front and with king Cyrus'(who built the second Temple) behind him On the back of the coin is an image of the third Temple

    The Bible says this false Messiah who seats himself in the Third Temple will be thee antichrist that will bring about the Great Tribulation, though the Jewish people believe he will bring about world peace It will be a false peace for a period of time You can watch interviews of Jewish Rabbi’s in Israel speaking of these things They have their plans set in place It is only years away!

    More importantly, the power that runs the world wants to put a RFID microchip in our body making us total slaves to them This chip matches perfectly with the Mark of the Beast in the Bible, more specifically Revelation 13:16-18:

    He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name

    Here is wisdom Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666

    Referring to the last days, this could only be speaking of a cashless society, which we have yet to see, but are heading towards Otherwise, we could still buy or sell without the mark amongst others if physical money was still currency RFID microchip implant technology will be the future of a one world cashless society containing digital currency It will be implanted in the right-hand or the forehead, and we cannot buy or sell without it! We must grow strong in Jesus AT ALL COSTS, DO NOT TAKE IT!

    Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name ” (Revelation 14:9-11)

    People have been saying the end is coming for many years, but we need two key things One, the Third Temple, and two, the technology for a cashless society to fulfill the prophecy of the Mark of the Beast

    VISIT WWW BIBLEFREEDOM COM TO SEE PROOF FOR THESE THINGS AND MUCH MORE! TELL YOUR FRIENDS AND FAMILY SHARE THIS MESSAGE!

  6. Hey, how’s it going?

    I want to pass along some very important news that everyone needs to hear!

    In December of 2017, Donald Trump made history by recognizing Jerusalem as the captial of Israel Why is this big news? Because by this the Jewish people of Israel are now able to press forward in bringing about the Third Temple prophesied in the Bible

    The Jewish people deny Jesus as their Messiah and have stated that their Messiah has been identified and is waiting to be revealed They say this man will rule the world under a one world igion called spiritualism

    They even printed a coin to raise money for the Temple with Donald Trumps face on the front and with king Cyrus'(who built the second Temple) behind him On the back of the coin is an image of the third Temple

    The Bible says this false Messiah who seats himself in the Third Temple will be thee antichrist that will bring about the Great Tribulation, though the Jewish people believe he will bring about world peace It will be a false peace for a period of time You can watch interviews of Jewish Rabbi’s in Israel speaking of these things They have their plans set in place It is only years away!

    More importantly, the power that runs the world wants to put a RFID microchip in our body making us total slaves to them This chip matches perfectly with the Mark of the Beast in the Bible, more specifically Revelation 13:16-18:

    He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name

    Here is wisdom Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666

    Referring to the last days, this could only be speaking of a cashless society, which we have yet to see, but are heading towards Otherwise, we could still buy or sell without the mark amongst others if physical money was still currency RFID microchip implant technology will be the future of a one world cashless society containing digital currency It will be implanted in the right-hand or the forehead, and we cannot buy or sell without it! We must grow strong in Jesus AT ALL COSTS, DO NOT TAKE IT!

    Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name ” (Revelation 14:9-11)

    People have been saying the end is coming for many years, but we need two key things One, the Third Temple, and two, the technology for a cashless society to fulfill the prophecy of the Mark of the Beast

    VISIT WWW BIBLEFREEDOM COM TO SEE PROOF FOR THESE THINGS AND MUCH MORE! TELL YOUR FRIENDS AND FAMILY SHARE THIS MESSAGE!

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